Medical-surgical equipment is used in all areas of the hospital. Some types of equipment are used only in specialty areas, such as the intensive care unit (ICU). The ICU, otherwise known as the critical care unit, is a highly specialized care unit for patients with life-threatening illness or injury.
Surgical instruments can vary widely by the field of surgery that they are used in. In general instruments can be divided into five classes by function: Cutting and dissecting instruments: Scalpels, scissors, and saws are the most traditional.
Surgical instruments for ophthalmic surgery are called surgical instruments for ophthalmology, they are specific medical instruments for this medical specialty, of high precision and maximum quality.
The most used ophthalmic material for ophthalmic surgical instruments is stainless steel, an alloy composed of several ingredients that make it extremely resistant to corrosion and rust.
The main ophthalmological instruments used in different ophthalmology surgeries (cataracts, presbyopia, retina, refractive, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, corneal transplantation, glaucoma, strabismus, etc.), are: